This source contains round 1400 entries at the significant peoples that experience maintained a cultural identification within the sector - from historic to trendy occasions - summarising their historical past, migration, tradition, trust approach, social corporation, and courting to different peoples.
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Additional info for Encyclopedia of the Peoples of Africa and the Middle East 2 Volume Set (Jfacts on File Library of World History)
A society often called the Kura-Araxes tradition (Kur and Arax being rivers that fow into the Caspian Sea) emerged. Excavations of Kura-Araxes settlements have exposed continues to be of round homes and different indicators of habitation alongside the Hrazdan River, in addition to cave drawings in within reach mountainous areas. Linguistic proof issues to a under homogenous history for the Armenian humans. Tis examine has proven facts of an intermingling of individuals from Eurasia, western Europe, and India within the zone. Classical historians have paid specific consciousness to linguistic similarities among the Armenian language and the language of the Phrygians, who have been the descendants of eu settlers who inhabited northwestern Anatolia within the Bronze Age. Te classical view regularly concludes that the frst Armenian audio system migrated eastward around the Anatolian plateau within the moment millennium b. c. e. Armenian origins also are heavily linked to these of the Urartians, who're proposal to were the indigenous population of japanese Anatolia. Te old nation of Urartu existed from the tenth to the 7th centuries b. c. e. , and was once founded close to Lake Van. even if there's a few debate as to the level to which Armenians without delay descend from the Urartians, Urartu is ofen often called the frst Armenian country. Te Armenians confer with themselves because the Hai and their kingdom as Hayastan, and it's been recommended that those phrases shed additional gentle on their origins. a standard idea is that Hayastan can have been derived from “Hayasa-Azzi,” a space within the top valleys of the Euphrates River. Tis concept means that humans migrating eastward (possibly from Phrygia) throughout the Urartian interval can have mingled with the folks of Hayasa-Azzi and that their descendants ultimately settled in jap Anatolia, the place they mingled with the Urartu. one other concept is that Hay is derived Armenians from “Hai-yos,” a time period used for the Hittites. Tis could aid the assumption of a hyperlink among the Armenians and the Urartians, who're believed to have descended from the Hittites. Archaeological facts definitely shows an old historical past in Armenia, with human habitation and payment courting again to the Bronze Age. even if, it's in most cases accredited that the starting place of the Armenian humans themselves is imbedded in a way more advanced background of migration. Te present consensus is that the Armenians got here into being as a different cultural and linguistic staff round six hundred b. c. e. and that their ancestry is an amalgam of peoples either indigenous and migrant. Language Like Celtic, Germanic, and Slavic, the Armenian language advanced as an self reliant department of the Indo-European language tree. Linguists have additionally famous infuences from a few non Indo-European Caucasian languages, relatively from Traco-Phrygian. different ties among those languages were associated with a sort of Hurrian, spoken through the Urartians. in addition, Armenian has a seen connection to Iranian, lots in order that it used to be thought of to be an Iranian language till the nineteenth century.