By André N. Chouraqui
Original yr of publication: 1968
With the tragic destruction of vital and East eu Jewries, the Oriental Jewish groups have grown in value within the balance-sheet of Jewish existence.
This e-book is the results of 20 years of study into the Jewish groups of North Africa and covers a interval of greater than thousand years within the historical past of these communities.
Though the origins of the North African Jewish groups are vague, one uncomplicated truth is apparent: Jews have been current and have been thinking about the historic improvement of that a part of the area, specifically in the course of its domination by way of the Roman Empire, the reigns of the Vandals and Byzantines, and as much as the emergence and next conquest of that area by way of the Moslems towards the top of the 7th century. the writer deals a desirable research of this virtually unknown interval of North African Jewish history.
In the second one a part of the e-book the writer discusses the background of the trendy Algerian, Tunisian, and Moroccan Jewish groups. simple evidence emerge: the typical destiny which makes those quite a few groups a unmarried unit, and their range of beginning and culture. the writer makes an attempt a cultural research of this range by way of featuring a quick yet interesting exposition of the Oriental, Spanish, mystical, and Arab-Berber parts of those groups, and an account in their reactions to fashionable tendencies and impacts. accordingly, it seems that those groups, secluded until eventually lately and trustworthy to their traditions, constituted while some of the most ideal examples of a rapid transition from the Oriental culture to the trendy world.
The writer offers us a cautious account of the heritage of those groups lower than French domination and describes their demographic constitution, their social adjustments, and their folklore and traditions. His description of existence within the ghetto is powerfuble and ambitious, and explains why the emancipation has taken at the personality of a social explosion.
Dr. Chouraqui, who used to be a private adviser of top Minister Ben Gurion at the query of integration, deals a willing research of the issues dealing with Jews of North Africa in Israel.
The ebook is obviously written and amply documented. It includes various statistical tables, criminal texts, bibliographies, and indexes.
Between East and West is a invaluable contribution to our realizing of “the forgotten million” that after comprised the nice Jewish groups of North Africa.
Source: Retail PDF through library. now not marked as retail as a result of removing of watermarks and navigation on the best of every web page, yet nonetheless retail quality.
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Extra resources for Between East and West: A history of the Jews of North Africa
Ahmed Bey and Mohammed Bey. An clever ruler and admirer of the West, Ahmed Bey observed himself as whatever of a Peter the good of Tunisia. He sought to emancipate himself from Ottoman regulate, and bolstered his country’s ties with Europe, specially with France. within the Bey’s carrier have been Jewish directors, physicians and officers whose impression secured for his or her coreligionists a tranquillity which used to be the envy of the Jews of Algeria and Morocco. The respectable culture of hospitality towards Jews fleeing from different countries1 was once maintained, and the Bey even incorporated the Jews in his commonplace distribution of alms. 159 The prestige of the Jews in Tunisia and French Morocco Ahmed Bey’s cousin, Mohammed Bey, who succeeded him to the throne in 1855, was once an Oriental ruler of subtle tastes. 2 instantly after his accession, he abolished the corvee accountability to which Jews have been nonetheless subjected less than the outdated legislation for the dhimmis, and he made the Jews topic to a similar monetary legislation as Moslems. This intended specially the abolition of the unique customs tasks which have been levied opposed to item belonging to Jews and, consequently, the tip of the collective accountability of the Jewish neighborhood for the gathering of those taxes. The Bey’s perspective to the Jews used to be most likely encouraged by way of the recommendation of the caid of the Jews, Joseph Scemama, who was once additionally paymaster to the Bey’s military. instead of actual reforms, those new rules are to be visible because the first radical departure from the traditional constitution of Islamic public legislations with its insistence at the dhimmis’ inferior prestige. The Trial of Batto Sfez and its results. growth, even though, used to be followed through response. through the very interval the Bey used to be saying his liberal guidelines, he issued a decree, on November 15, 1856, to establish a tribunal “to promulgate the legislation and to manage non secular affairs. ” This omnipotent fee needed to pass judgement on Batto Sfez, a Jew who have been accused via a Moslem of the conventional cost of uttering blasphemies opposed to Islam. considering that, as we've seen in bankruptcy 5, the oath of the Jew was once invalid opposed to that of a Moslem within the Moslem courtroom, the accused in one of these case used to be vulnerable to obtain the loss of life penalty. often, each attempt used to be made to settle disputes of this type in a much less severe demeanour, yet this used to be no longer so in relation to Batto Sfez who used to be condemned to dying by means of the robust tribunal. Even the safety of overseas powers, which for the reason that 18233 have been relatively potent in instances of arbitrary persecution, used to be of no avail; neither have been the monies freely paid to judges and accusers, the representations to the Bey, the interventions on 160 B E TWEEN EAST AND WEST the a part of the representatives of Christian states, significantly that of the French Consul, Léon Roches, nor the pleas of the princesses and different hugely positioned people who have been drawn to the case. even if out of blind fanaticism, simply because he had taken an unshakable oath or via worry for his acceptance, the Bey couldn't be moved and the blameless Batto Sfez used to be decapitated.